The War of 1812 was fought on land and sea from Montreal to New
Orleans and from the Atlantic Coast to the middle of the continent.
Remember the War of 1812 with a visit to some of the significant sites
many of which have scheduled events commemorating the War of 1812.
1. Detroit: On August 16, 1812 shortly after the US declared war on
Canada and Britain, the British under Mayor General Brock with Native
American allies under the Shawnee leader, Tecumseh were able to trick
American Brigadier General William Hull into surrendering the fort and
town of Detroit, Michigan.
2. Fort Niagara: On December 19, 1813, British forces invaded the
United States and captured Fort Niagara without firing a shot. The
British troops and their native allies then burned nearby Lewiston, NY
in retaliation for the American burning of the Canadian village of
Newark, Ontario, now known as Niagara on the Lake, ten days earlier.
3. Erie, Pa: In Erie the public dock is named for Daniel Dobbins, a
merchant marine, who made the long trek to Washington, DC, where he
informed the government that there was a desperate need of more naval
power on Lake Erie which led to the creating of a base in Erie.
Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry took command of the ship building effort
at Erie aiding the American’s control of the Great Lakes.
4. Oswego, NY: In the Great Lake port city, an estimated 200 men and
boys volunteered to transport an anchor rope needed in Sackets Harbor
to make the “USS Superior,” a newly built frigate, battle ready. The
rope was six inches in diameter, 600 feet long, and weighed about five
tons. The H. Lee White Marine Museum recalls the event.
5. Sackets Harbor: Sackets Harbor was the center of American naval and
military activity in the eastern part of Lake Ontario. Visit the
Seaway Trail Visitor center to learn about the war along Lake Ontario.
Storyboards are located along the Lake Ontario shore where major
6. Burning of Washington, DC: On August 24, 1814, the British force
led by General Robert Ross occupied Washington and set fire to many
public buildings including the White House and Capitol building. It
was the last time a foreign power captured a US capital.
7. The Star Spangled Banner: On September 13, 1814, the British
attacked Fort McHenry in Baltimore harbor. During the bombardment,
Francis Scott Key was inspired to write the poem, “The Star-Spangled
Banner,” which was later set to music and became the national anthem
of the United States.
8. USS Constitution: Sitting in Boston Harbor, the Constitution earned
the nickname “Old Ironsides” when she successfully defeated the HMS
Guerriere. It was just one of her sea battle victories. The USS
Constitution is the world’s oldest commissioned naval vessel afloat.
9. Canada: There are many sites along the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence
River where the battles for control of Canada occurred including York,
now called Toronto, Niagara-on-the-Lake, and one of the bitterest
battles at Lundy’s Lane, near Niagara Falls.
10. Battle of New Orleans: Treaty of Ghent signed in present-day
Belgium formally ended the war on December 24, 1814 but one of the
most famous battles occurred on January 8, 1815 under the command of
Mayor General Andrew Jackson. The victory was later popularized in
song by Johnny Horton.
Mexico resident Sandra Scott and her husband, John, enjoy traveling and sharing that experience with others. She also writes everyday for Examiner.com (rotating on editions … Syracuse Travel, National Destination and Culinary Travel).